Think Again How to Reason and Argue by Walter Armstrong
Book Details :
LanguageEnglish
Pages190
FormatPDF
Size1.68 MB


Think Again How to Reason and Argue by Walter Armstrong



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Contents of Think Again eBook

  • Preface: Why I Wrote This Book
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction: Our Cultural Rut
  • How Did We Get Here?
  • How Do We Get Out of Here?
  • PART I: WHY TO ARGUE
  • So Close and Yet So Far
  • What Is Polarization?
  • Are the Poles Moving Apart?
  • Can’t We at Least Agree on the Facts?
  • Do You Hate Your Opponents?
  • Has the Epidemic Gone Global?
  • Toxic Talk
  • Can We Be Civil, Please?
  • Who Doesn’t Like a Good Caricature?
  • Are We All Crazy Clowns?
  • Are Insults Funny?
  • How Low Can We Go?
  • Is Europe Civilized?
  • How Much Is Too Much?
  • The Sound of Silencing
  • Why Try?
  • Where Did You Hear That?
  • Why Ask?
  • So What?
  • Isn’t Silence Soothing?
  • What Arguments Can Do
  • Who Is the Slave?
  • Is There Any Hope?
  • What Do We Get Out of Arguing?
  • Learning
  • Respect
  • Humility
  • Abstraction
  • Compromise
  • Where Do We Stand Now?
  • INTERMISSION: FROM WHY TO HOW
  • Why to Learn How to Argue
  • Do You Want to Make a Deal?
  • Will Your Wishes Come True?
  • Can You Trust Representatives?
  • Should You Turn Over a New Leaf?
  • Can We Get Better?
  • PART II: HOW TO ARGUE
  • How to Spot Arguments
  • How Much Would You Pay for an Argument?
  • What Is an Argument?
  • What Purposes Do Arguments Serve?
  • When Is an Argument (Being Given)?
  • How to Stop Arguments
  • Can We Stop Soon?
  • What If We Can’t Stop?
  • How Can We Stop?
  • Guarding
  • Assuring
  • Evaluating
  • Discounting
  • How Can Words Work Together?
  • How to Complete Arguments
  • Which Arguments Are Valid?
  • When Is Validity Formal?
  • What Makes Arguments Sound?
  • What Are You Assuming?
  • Do These Methods Scale Up?
  • Without Argument
  • Justification
  • Explanation
  • How to Evaluate Arguments
  • Was Sherlock Holmes a Master of Deduction?
  • What’s So Great about Deduction?
  • How Strong Are You?
  • How Do I Induce Thee? Let Me Count the Ways
  • How Can Dates and Polls Go So Wrong?
  • Generalization
  • Application
  • Why Did That Happen?
  • Hussein’s Tubes
  • PART III: HOW NOT TO ARGUE
  • How to Avoid Fallacies
  • What Do You Mean?
  • Double Entendre
  • Slip Sliding Away
  • Can I Trust You?
  • Attacking People
  • Questioning Authority
  • Have We Gotten Anywhere Yet?
  • Is That All?
  • How to Refute Arguments
  • Does the Exception Prove the Rule?
  • Is This Absurdity Made of Straw?
  • What Is Just Like Arguing . . . ?