This handbook has been developed to serve as a comprehensive reference source for designers of steel structures. Included is information on materials, fabrication, erection, structural theory, and connections, as well as the many facets of designing structural-steel systems and members for buildings and bridges. The information presented applies to a wide range of structures. The handbook should be useful to consulting engineers; architects; construction contractors; fabricators and erectors; engineers employed by federal, state, and local governments; and educators. It will also be a good reference for engineering technicians and detailers.
The material has been presented in easy-to-understand form to make it useful to professionals and those with more limited experience. Numerous examples, worked out in detail, illustrate design procedures. The thrust is to provide practical techniques for cost-effective design as well as explanations of underlying theory and criteria. Design methods and equations from leading specifications are presented for ready reference. This includes those of the American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC), the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), and the American Railway Engineering Association (AREA).
Both the traditional allowable-stress design (ASD) approach and the load-and-resistance-factor design (LRFD) approach are presented. Nevertheless, users of this handbook would find it helpful to have the latest edition of these specifications on hand, because they are changed annually, as well as the AISC ‘‘Steel Construction Manual,’’ ASD and LRFD. Contributors to this book are leading experts in design, construction, materials, and structural theory.They offer know-how and techniques gleaned from vast experience. They include well-known consulting engineers, university professors, and engineers with an extensive fabrication and erection background.
This blend of experiences contributes to a broad, well-rounded presentation. The book begins with an informative section on the types of steel, their mechanical properties, and the basic behavior of steel under different conditions. Topics such as coldwork, strain-rate effects, temperature effects, fracture, and fatigue provide in-depth information. Aids are presented for estimating the relative weight and material cost of steels for various types of structural members to assist in selecting the most economical grade. A review of fundamental steel-making practices, including the now widely used continuouscasting method, is presented to give designers better knowledge of structural steels and alloys and how they are produced.
Because of their impact on total cost, a knowledge of fabrication and erection methods is a fundamental requirement for designing economical structures. Accordingly, the book presents description of various shop fabrication procedures, including cutting steel components to size, punching, drilling, and welding. Available erection equipment is reviewed, as well as specific methods used to erect bridges and buildings. A broad treatment of structural theory follows to aid engineers in determining the forces and moments that must be accounted for in design. Basic mechanics, traditional tools for analysis of determinate and indeterminate structures, matrix methods, and other topics are discussed.
Structural analysis tools are also presented for various special structures, such as arches, domes, cable systems, and orthotropic plates. This information is particularly useful in making preliminary designs and verifying computer models. Connections have received renewed attention in current structural steel design, and improvements have been made in understanding their behavior in service and in design techniques. A comprehensive section on design of structural connections presents approved methods for all of the major types, bolted and welded. Information on materials for bolting and welding is included.
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