The low cost of steel-reinforced concrete and the ready availability of raw materials with which it is formed make it the most widely used structural material available. Many critical infrastructure facilities are made of steel-reinforced concrete, and since they are under constant degradation from the aggressive environments, they suffer from durability issues, particularly the corrosion of the steel bars within such structures.
Corrosion is the main deterioration mechanism of those structures which significantly reduces the service life, reliability, functionality of structures, and safety. This corrosion in turn has created a multi-billion-dollar infrastructure deficit.
Given the indisputable societal and economical importance of the impact of corrosion when developing advanced structures, it is quite surprising that the study of corrosion in infrastructure facilities receives little to no attention in most civil engineering curricula at both undergraduate and graduate levels!
It is obvious that better education for the nation’s engineers is essential to improving corrosion control and management practices throughout the national infrastructure.
However, to become a fully qualified civil or mechanical engineer usually requires at most a one-semester course in materials, one in which the subject of corrosion is rarely mentioned! Civil engineering education and the profession are confronting a challenging crossroads and undergoing revolution.
Nevertheless, the seeming lack of ability of civil engineers to thoroughly understand corrosion and its impact on the service lives of these structures, and its role in designing materials that are adaptable to today’s challenging world, hinders progress toward addressing 21st-century challenges.
Therefore, there is a critical need to deliver such education to future engineers. This book aims to be a handbook for civil engineers who are involved in design and maintenance of steel-reinforced concrete structures as well as a textbook for upper-level undergraduate- and graduate-level students, specifically in the civil engineering discipline.
This book discusses not only all the important aspects of the field of corrosion of steel-reinforced concrete, but also new topics and future trends. The contributions in this book cover all the important aspects in the field of corrosion and corrosion protection of reinforced concrete.
Such as the theory and mechanisms of corrosion of steel bars in concrete, different measurement and assessment techniques, the effects of concrete properties on corrosion, repair and rehabilitation, modeling, different corrosion prevention and protection methods, and modeling.
It should be acknowledged that this project was only possible due to the support of the contributors to this book, and I am grateful to them. I dedicate this book to the memory of my parents and to my wife, Neda, who gave me love beyond measure. I hope you will enjoy the book and find it useful!
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