Solar Energy Technology Handbook Part B
Book Details :
LanguageEnglish
Pages822
FormatPDF
Size46.8 MB


Solar Energy Technology Handbook Part B



Solar Energy Technology Handbook Part B Applications, Systems Design, and Economics by William C. Dickinson and Paul N. Cheremisinoff | PDF Free Download.

Solar Energy Technology Contents


Unit 7 Applications of Solar Technology

  • Domestic Water Heating 
  • Swimming Pool Heating
  • Building Space Heating: Active Systems 
  • Solar Cooling
  • Passive Solar Design 
  • Total Energy Systems Design 
  • Distillation of Sea Water 
  • Irrigation Pumping 
  • Food Dehydration
  • Industrial Process Heat 
  • Electric Power Generation: Photovoltaics 
  • Electric Power Generation: Thermal Conversion 
  • Electric Power Generation: Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion
  • Electric Power Generation: Wind, Waves, and Tides
  • Data Acquisition Systems 
  • Solar Simulation Computer Programs C. Byron Winn 481
  • A Simplified Method for Sizing Active Solar Space Heating Systems 

Unit 8 Nontechnical Issues Glossary of Some Economic Terms Used in Chapters 45 and 46

  • An Economic Methodology for Solar Hot Water and Space Heating Systems 
  • An Economic Methodology for Solar Industrial Process Heat Systems
  • Barriers and Incentives in the Commercialization of Solar Energy 
  • Environmental, Health, and Safety Issues 

Preface to Solar Energy Technology Handbook


Solar energy, as generally defined, includes energy derived directly from sunlight as well as indirectly in the form of wind, waves, tides, ocean thermal gradients, or as fuel from biomass and other photochemical reaction products.

Over the past several years there has been explosive growth in solar energy research, development, and demonstration, particularly in the United States.

In 1972 a solar energy panel, organized by the National Science Foundation and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, made the first comprehensive assessment of the potential of solar energy as a national energy resource.

They also examined the state of the technology in the various solar energy application areas. The total U.S. budget for solar R&D in that year was $1.7 million.

In 1979 the annual U.S. solar budget had increased to $550 million and is expected to be more than $700 million in 1980.

This tremendous increase in government funding, not only in this country but in several other countries, has resulted in a proliferation of new ideas and concepts as well as a large increase in available information and data in all of the solar technologies.

Hence there is a need for a comprehensive handbook describing the present state of knowledge and offering the best available information and data in each solar energy technology. It is hoped that this Solar Energy Technology Handbook will fulfill this requirement.

Although there may, indeed, be "nothing new under the sun," it is highly probable that in the coming years there will be technical and economic "breakthroughs" in almost all of the solar technologies covered in this handbook.

New materials and new measurement techniques will be developed. There will be a continuous advancement and refinement of theoretical understanding.

Although a serious effort has been made by each of our contributing specialists to present the fundamentals of theory and experiment that will have enduring value, this handbook can represent only the present state of knowledge.

The handbook is intended to supply the practicing engineer/scientist and student with an authoritative reference work that covers the field of solar engineering as well as peripherally related fields.

References and primary citations are given to the extensive solar literature for those who wish to dig deeper.

The handbook, for convenient use, is divided into eight main units: (1) The Solar Resource ; (2) Solar Thermal Collectors; (3) Photovoltaics; (4) Bioconversion; (5) Wind Energy; (6) Solar Energy Storage Systems; (7) Applications of Solar Energy; (8) Nontechnical Issues.

In addition, there are three Appendixes containing unit-conversion tables and useful solar data. It became obvious early in this project that if proper coverage were to be given each of these areas it would be necessary to divide the handbook into two volumes.

The first six units constitute Part A, Engineering Fundamentals and the last two units constitute Part B, Applications, Systems Design, and Economics.

These volumes have been prepared primarily as reference books, but it is felt that many of the sections will prove useful for practicing engineers, scientists, and students. The subject of units has been a troublesome one in assembling this handbook.

We were tempted to take a purist approach and insist on the strict and exclusive usage of SI units throughout.

However, this did not seem practical or desirable. Since solar energy is an applied engineering technology, the use of English units (feet, horsepower, Btu, psig) is still deeply entrenched in the United States.

However, the change to metric units (meters, kilowatts, joules, pascals) is well underway in all technical areas.

We have attempted to soften the transition by asking our contributors to give the equivalent value in English units parenthetically after the metric value, except for the simpler units where the metric is used alone.

We do not claim 100 percent success in this effort, particularly in some of the tables and graphs. To make life easier for confirmed users of either set of units, a comprehensive set of conversion tables is included as Appendix A at the back of each volume.

To ensure the highest degree of reliability the cooperation of a large number of specialists has been necessary, and this handbook presents their efforts.

Our heartfelt thanks go to the 58 contributors, each of whom has endeavored to present an authoritative and up-to-date overview of his/her area of solar expertise and has given willingly of very valuable time and knowledge.

The editors also wish to thank Marcel and Mau Dekker, the publishers, and Graham Garratt, for their encouragement and constructive suggestions.

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