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Petroleum Refining Design and Applications Handbook Volume 1 by A. Kayode Coker | PDF Free Download.
A. Kayode Coker Ph.D., is an Engineering Consultant for AKC Technology, an Honorary Research Fellow at the University of Wolverhampton, U.K., a former Engineering Coordinator at Saudi Aramco Shell Refinery Company (SASREF) and Chairman of the Department of Chemical Engineering Technology at Jubail Industrial College, Saudi Arabia.
He has been a chartered chemical engineer for more than 30 years. He is a Fellow of the Institution of Chemical Engineers, U.K. (C. Eng., FIChemE), and a senior member of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE).
He holds a B.Sc. honors degree in Chemical Engineering, a Master of Science degree in Process Analysis and Development, and a Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering, all from Aston University, Birmingham, the U.K., and a Teacher’s Certificate in Education at the University of London, U.K.
He has directed and conducted short courses extensively throughout the world and has been a lecturer at the university level.
His articles have been published in several international journals. He is an author of five books in chemical engineering, a contributor to the Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design, Vol 61, and a certified train the mentor trainer.
A Technical Report Assessor and Interviewer for chartered chemical engineers (IChemE) in the U.K. He is a member of the International Biographical Centre in Cambridge, U.K (IBC) as Leading Engineers of the World for 2008.
Also, he is a member of International Who’s Who for ProfessionalsTM and Madison Who’s Who in the U.S.
Petroleum refining is a complex industry that worldwide produces more than $10 billion worth of refined products. Improvements in the design and operation of these facilities can deliver large economic value for refiners.
Furthermore, economic, regulatory, and environmental concerns impose significant pressure on refiners to provide safe working conditions and at the same time optimize the refining process. Refiners have considered alternative processing units and feedstocks by investing in new technologies.
The United States, Europe, and countries elsewhere in the world are embarking on the full electrification of automobiles within the next couple of decades.
However, this venture still presents inherent problems of resolving rechargeable batteries and fuel cells and providing charging stations along various highways and routes. Oil and natural gas will for the foreseeable future form an important part of everyday life.
Their availability has changed the whole economy of the world by providing basic needs for mankind in the form of fuel, petrochemicals, and feedstocks for fertilizer plants and energy for the power sector.
Presently, the world economy runs on oil and natural gas, and processing of these feedstocks for producing fuels and value-added products has become an essential activity in modern society.
The availability of liquefied natural gas (LNG) has enhanced the environment, and recent development in the technology of natural gas to liquids (GTL) has further improved the availability of fuel to transportation and other sectors.
The complex processing of petroleum refining has created a need for environmental, health, and safety management procedures and safe work practices.
These procedures are established to ensure compliance with applicable regulations and standards such as hazard communications (PHA, Hazops, MOC, and so on), emissions, Waste Management (pollution that includes volatile organic compounds (VOC), carbon monoxide, sulfur oxides (SOx ), nitrogen oxides (NOx ), particulates, ammonia (NH3 ), hydrogen sulfide (H2 S), and toxic organic compounds) and waste minimization.
These pollutants are often discharged as air emissions, wastewater, or solid wastes. Furthermore, concern over issues such as the depletion of the ozone layer that results in global warming is increasingly having a significant impact on Earth’s nature and mankind, and carbon dioxide (CO2 ) is known to be the major culprit of global warming.
Other emissions such as H2 S, NOx, and SOx from petroleum refining have adversely impacted the environment, and agencies such as Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have imposed limits on the emissions of these compounds upon refiners.
Flaring has become more complicated and concerns about its efficiency have been increasing and discussed by experts.
The OSHA and EPA have imposed tighter regulations on both safety and emission control, which have resulted in higher levels of involvement in safety, pollution, emissions, and so on.
A petroleum refinery is one of the important sectors of the world economy and it’s playing a crucial and pivotal role in industrialization, urbanization, and meeting the basic needs of mankind by supplying energy for industrial and domestic transportation, feedstock for petrochemical products as plastics, polymers, agrochemicals, paints, and so on.
Globally, it processes more materials than any other industry, and with a projected increase in population to around 8.1 billion by 2025, increasing demand for fuels, electricity, and various consumer products made from the petrochemical route is expected via the petroleum refining process.
Petroleum Refining Design and Applications Handbook, Volume One, comprises 12 chapters, a glossary of petroleum and technical terminology, appendices, Excel spreadsheet programs, UniSim-Design simulation software exercises, case studies, and a Conversion Table.
Chapters 1–4 comprise the chemistry and classification of crude types, physical property characterization data; chemical analysis data; thermophysical properties of petroleum fractions and crude oils, and thermodynamic properties of petroleum and petroleum fractions.
Excel spreadsheet programs are extensively used in solving many exercises and case studies in these chapters.
Chapter 5 provides process descriptions of refining processes from basic to complex processes, and chapters 6–9 describe conversion processes, hydrotreating, and hydrocracking, catalytic and fluid catalytic cracking, hydrodesulfurization, coking, reforming and isomerization processes.
UniSimDesign software, POLYMATH, and Excel spreadsheet programs are used in solving exercises and case studies in these chapters.
Chapter 10 reviews the alkylation and polymerization processes and introduces the new technology, and Chapter 11 discusses hydrogen production and purification. Chapter 12 focuses on gas processing and acid gas removal and UniSim-Design software are employed in the simulation of the gas processing and acid gas removal.
The book uses Honeywell UniSim-Design for a steady-state simulation of some processes as most of the concepts are also applicable to other systems.
It provides spreadsheet programs for analysis and design; POLYMATH software for analysis and kinetics of some processes.
Supporting materials available from the publisher’s website provide simulation and spreadsheet files for all the models and examples presented in the book.
The physical and chemical characteristics of major hydrocarbons are shown in Appendix C. There are process flow diagrams, P & IDs, and nearly 50 process data sheets (Appendix D) in Excel spreadsheet format that can be readily accessed from the publisher’s website.
The handbook covers the fundamental theory of petroleum refining processes, practical problems, and introducing new technology.
It will be valuable for individuals who want to contribute to the development of refinery process simulation/modeling as well as those who wish to explore alternatives in the refining processes.
This book will also be valuable to industrial practitioners, academic chemical/petroleum engineers, and engineering students in chemical and petroleum engineering courses. It can be used as a classroom text for such courses.
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