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Petroleum Fuels Manufacturing Handbook Including Specialty Products and Sustainable Manufacturing Techniques by Surinder Parkash, Ph.D. | PDF Free Download.
Parkash has over three decades of experience in petroleum refining and the related fields of process design, refinery operational planning, international marketing, and project planning.
He has worked with many well-known companies and organizations such as the Indian Institute of Petroleum, Iraq National Oil Company, Bahrain National Oil Company, and Kuwait National Petroleum Company.
He is the author of Petroleum Refining Handbook, published by Gulf Professional Publishing. At present, Dr. Parkash is president of NAFT-ASIA (www.naft-asia.com), an independent consulting firm.
Petroleum products are everywhere around us. They appear in visible forms, such as gasoline, diesel, kerosene, and aircraft fuels, and in less visible forms over the entire spectrum of industry, such as automobile lubricants, greases, carbon black for truck tires, bitumen for road building, the waterproofing in house roofs, feedstock for petrochemicals, synthetic fibers, and plastics.
Petroleum feedstock is used in the manufacture of white mineral oils in eye ointment, hair oils, cosmetics, petroleum solvents, and pest control sprays.
Transportation fuels, however, remain the most important use of petroleum. The consumption of petroleum products throughout the world is ever-increasing to meet the rising energy needs of countries. But this rapid rise has led to undesirable air and water pollution levels.
Environmental pollution affects everyone on the planet. During the last two decades, the manufacture and blending of petroleum products have changed rapidly, with a view to reduce atmospheric pollution and conserve petroleum feedstock.
The lead phaseout from gasoline, sulfur reduction in all transportation fuels, and new lube-making technologies that produce longer-lasting engine oils or lower fuel consumption are a few illustrations of these changes.
This book surveys the manufacture, blending, properties, specifications, and uses of petroleum fuels and specialty products (products made out of petroleum feedstock for nonfuel use except petrochemicals).
There are a very large number of specialty products petroleum solvents, bitumen for paving and industrial uses, lubricating oils, greases, white mineral oils, carbon black, petroleum coke, spray oils, and so on—to meet the requirements of the industry.
Possibly far more technical personnel are engaged in petroleum specialty manufacture and the handling of petroleum products than are found in refineries.
Although petroleum fuels are generally made in refineries out of crude oil distillation, petroleum specialty products are made in relatively smaller downstream units starting with refinery streams as feedstock.
A refinery may produce five or six basic products, such as liquified petroleum gas (LPG), naphtha, kerosene, diesel, and fuel oils, but specialty manufacturers may produce a large number of their products from these basic refinery products.
There is very little published information on specialty manufacturing processes. The selection of a petroleum product for a specific job has become more challenging.
Specifications and the test methods used on petroleum products are important for the proper selection of a petroleum product for given end-use.
Part 1, the first six chapters, is devoted to petroleum fuels. Part 2, the remaining chapters, deals with petroleum specialty products.
The book presents manufacturing processes, product blending, and specifications of various petroleum products. To make the book useful to the professional in the petroleum industry, an in-depth treatment of each subject not normally found in textbooks is provided.
It is hoped that this book will be of direct interest to students and all those engaged in the manufacture, blending, storage, and trading of petroleum products.
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