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Preface to the Second Edition
This Second Edition of the Handbook of Petroleum Processing follows in the footsteps and traditions of the First Edition. We have greatly updated and expanded the information and scope in this edition. We have included many new processes and unconventional feedstocks that are encountered in today’s facilities. The book has been reorganized to better facilitate its use as a reference. This Handbook provides a basic knowledge of petroleum refining and processing as a foundation.
This general knowledge may be sufficient for many users, but we have continued to provide detailed, practical approaches to designing units and solving the most common challenges facing today’s processing and design professionals. Where possible, we have included additional information for those who must operate the process units. Not all the information is at the same level of detail, but we have provided more detail in this edition about operation-related issues. Most of the calculation techniques described here are manual.
We authors and editors grew up using many of these methods; however, we recognize that computer process simulation and applications play the major roles in designing and operating plants today. Many of the methods provided here are behind the simulation software or can be converted easily to computer applications. These methods can quickly provide rough checks on computer results, or they can be used if you do not have a computer or simulation package readily available. In different chapters, you will find the use of different units of measure. The units reflect those familiar to the chapter authors.
Some chapters provide both English and metric units and some only English or only metric. The petroleum industry is accustomed to mixing units and converting between units. In fact, many product specifications use mixed systems. Several common conversion factors are provided in Appendix D. This edition of the Handbook was structured with both electronic and print publication in mind. It is primarily conceived as a comprehensive book, and the organization of the chapters reflects that premise. For electronic publication, however, we have made the individual chapters as self contained as possible.
This means that the information in a chapter generally includes the needed reference materials. The self-contained approach only takes us so far. Lest we have to repeat large portions of other chapters or resources, individual chapters will still contain references to other chapters or appendices in this Handbook and to other resources. We have tried to make this work as comprehensive as possible, but it is not feasible to conceive of or include everything you might want to know.
There are numerous outside references provided, which can lead you to more references. Online searches often provide good information but can sometimes be misleading or wrong as well. Always apply your own judgment when looking online, or even when using information in this book for that matter. Things should make sense – processing of petroleum is not a great mystery. This book has been edited by Steven A. Treese (retired from Phillips 66 Company) and Peter R. Pujado´ (retired from UOP LLC, a Honeywell Company). Our fellow editor emeritus was David S.J. Jones (retired from Fluor Corporation), who passed away a few years ago. His contributions are found throughout this book, especially in the detailed techniques for calculation.