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Biochemistry For Dummies 2nd Edition by John T. Moore, EdD, and Richard Langley, Ph.D. | PDF Free Download.
John Moore grew up in the foothills of western North Carolina. He attended the University of North Carolina at Asheville, where he received his bachelor’s degree in chemistry.
He earned his master’s degree in chemistry from Furman University in Greenville, South Carolina. After a stint in the U.S. Army, he decided to try his hand at teaching.
In 1971 he joined the chemistry faculty of Stephen F. Austin State University in Nacogdoches, Texas, where he still teaches chemistry. In 1985 he started back to school part-time, and in 1991 he received his doctorate in education from Texas A&M University.
He has been the co-editor (along with one of his former students) of the “Chemistry for Kids” feature of The Journal of Chemical Education.
In 2003 his first book, Chemistry For Dummies (Wiley), was published, soon to be followed by Chemistry Made Simple (Broadway Books). John enjoys cooking and making custom knife handles from exotic woods.
Richard Langley grew up in southwestern Ohio. He attended Miami University in Oxford, Ohio, where he received bachelor’s degrees in chemistry and mineralogy and then a master’s degree in chemistry.
His next stop was the University of Nebraska, where he received his doctorate in chemistry. Afterward, he took a postdoctoral position at Arizona State University in Tempe, Arizona, followed by a visiting assistant professor position at the University of Wisconsin at River Falls.
In 1982, he moved to Stephen F. Austin State University. For the past several years, he and John Moore have been graders for the free-response portion of the AP Chemistry Exam.
He and John have collaborated on several writing projects, including 5 Steps to a 5 on the AP: Chemistry (McGraw-Hill), Chemistry for the Utterly Confused (McGraw-Hill), and Organic Chemistry II For Dummies (Wiley). Rich enjoys jewelry making and science fiction.
Welcome to the second edition of Biochemistry For Dummies! We’re certainly happy you’ve decided to delve into the fascinating world of biochemistry.
Biochemistry is a complex area of chemistry, but understanding biochemistry isn’t really complex. It takes hard work, attention to detail, and the desire to know and to imagine. Biochemistry, like any area of chemistry, isn’t a spectator sport.
You must interact with the material, try different explanations, and ask yourself why things happen the way they do. Work hard and you’ll get through your biochem course.
More importantly, you may grow to appreciate the symphony of chemical reactions that take place within a living organism, whether it’s a one-celled organism, a tree, or a person. Just as each individual instrument contributes to an orchestra, each chemical reaction in an organism is necessary, and sometimes its part is quite complex.
However, when you combine all the instruments, and each instrument functions well, the result can be a wonder to behold.
If one or two instruments are a little out of tune or aren’t played well, the orchestra still functions, but things are a little off. The sound isn’t quite as beautiful or there’s a nagging sensation of something being wrong.
The same is true of an organism. If all the reactions occur correctly at the right time, the organism functions well. If a reaction or a few reactions are off in some way, the organism may not function nearly as well.
Genetic diseases, electrolyte imbalance, and other problems may cause the organism to falter. And what happens then? Biochemistry is often the field in which ways of restoring the organism to health are found and cures for many modern medical maladies are sought.
Biochemistry For Dummies is an overview of the material covered in a typical college-level biochemistry course. In this second edition, we attempted to update the material and correct the errors and omissions that crept into the first edition.
We hope that this edition is of even more help than the first. We’ve made every attempt to keep the material as current as possible, but the field is changing ever so quickly.
The basics, however, stay the same, and that’s where we concentrate our efforts. We also include information on some of the applications of biochemistry that you read about in your everyday life, such as forensics, cloning, gene therapy, genetic testing, and genetically modified foods.
As you flip through this book, you see a lot of chemical structures and reactions. Much of biochemistry revolves around knowing the structures of the molecules involved in biochemical reactions. The function follows form.
If you’re in a biochemistry course, you’ve probably had at least one semester of organic chemistry.
You’ll recognize many of the structures, or at least the functional groups, from your study of organic chem. You’ll see many of those mechanisms that you loved (and hated) here in biochemistry.
If you’re taking a biochemistry course, use this rather inexpensive book to supplement that very expensive biochemistry textbook. If you bought this book to gain general knowledge about a fascinating subject, try not to get bogged down in the details.
Skim the chapters. If you find a topic that interests you, stop and dive in. Have fun learning something new.
Part I: Setting the Stage: Basic Biochemistry Concepts This part deals with the basic aspects of chemistry and biochemistry. In the first chapter, you find out about the field of biochemistry and its relationship to other fields within chemistry and biology. You also get a lot of info about the different types of cells and their parts.
In Chapter 2 we review some aspects of water chemistry that have direct applications to the field of biochemistry, including pH and buffers. Finally, you end up with a one-chapter review of organic chemistry, from functional groups to isomers.
Part II: The Meat of Biochemistry: Proteins In this part we concentrate on proteins. We introduce you to amino acids, the building blocks of proteins.
Having the building blocks in hand, in the next chapter we show you the basics of amino acid sequencing and the different types of protein structure. We finish this part with a discussion of enzyme kinetics, both catalysts (which speed up reactions) and inhibitors (which slow them down).
Part III: Carbohydrates, Lipids, Nucleic Acids, and More In this part we show you a number of biochemical species. You’ll see that carbohydrates are far more complex than that doughnut you just ate may lead you to believe, but we do show you some biochemistry that is just as sweet! Then we jump over to lipids and steroids.
Next are nucleic acids and the genetic code of life with DNA and RNA. Then it’s on to vitamins (they’re involved more than once a day) and hormones (no humor here — it would just be too easy).
Part IV: Bioenergetics and Pathways It all comes down to energy, one way or another. In these chapters, we look at energy requirements and where that energy goes.
This is where you meet our friend ATP and battle the formidable citric acid cycle. Finally, because you’ll be hot and sweaty anyway, we throw you into the really smelly bog of nitrogen chemistry.
Part V: Genetics: Why We Are What We Are In this part we tell you all about making more DNA, the processes of replication, and several of the applications related to DNA sequencing. Then it’s off to RNA and protein synthesis.
Part VI: The Part of Tens In this final part of the book we discuss ten great applications of biochemistry to the everyday world and reveal ten not-so-typical biochemical careers.
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