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Corrosion and Materials in the Oil and Gas Industries by Reza Javaherdashti, Chikezie Nwaoha, and Henry Tan | PDF Free Download.
Section I Introduction and Background
Section II Degradation Mechanisms
Section III Inspection and Maintenance
Section IV Risk, Integrity, and Reliability
With the advancement of methods and technologies in the oil and gas industries, a new insight into the corrosion problems these industries are facing on a daily basis is necessary.
In addition, corrosion professionals are witnessing a new era in the way data are gathered and interpreted in light of the application of more precise instruments and laboratory techniques as well as the development of new scientific paradigms.
This book undertakes to study materials and corrosion issues in the oil and gas industries from a different perspective: its technicality as well as its diversity.
In this context, this book consists of four parts: Introduction and Background, Degradation Mechanisms, Inspection and Maintenance, and Risk, Integrity, and Reliability. The uniqueness of this manuscript is its combination of corrosion and materials technology with integrity management in dealing with aging and life extension issues in the oil and gas industries.
The chapters are written by engineers, scientists, and business managers from around the world who work in the field and have years of experience.
While this book is of great application and assistance to those already with a professional involvement in corrosion management and materials selection in the oil and gas industries—for instance, fabricators; construction engineers; facilities and front-end design engineers; safety engineers; project engineers; integrity, reliability, and maintenance engineers; and the like—it is also a useful introduction for those who wish to become more involved in the subject.
Yet another aspect of this book is that it has the capacity of being used as a university text/reference book in both undergraduate as well as postgraduate lectures and modules.
The information and knowledge presented in each chapter can also be applied independently for lecturing purposes. From a materials engineering point of view, it must be noted that as long as the serviceability of materials is known, the industry in which they are applied will become secondary in importance.
If, for instance, we know under what working conditions stainless steel 304 loses its integrity, it really doesn’t matter if it is used in the oil and gas or mining, power generation, refining and petrochemical, or even food and beverage industry.
Our goal is to maintain its integrity regardless of the industry. Therefore, while the main topic of this book is oil and gas, the domain of applications encompasses a wide range of industries, and this is also another advantage of this book.
Professionals from both industry and academia covering the Far East, the Middle East, Africa, North America, Australasia, and Europe have put together a reference book that will serve the industry for decades to come.
Corrosion negatively impacts virtually every civil and industrial infrastructure, which is built to support an economy or ensure the safety of society.
In today’s fast-paced world with many changing lifestyles of the masses, the manufacturing industry is compelled to increase its production to the maximum to remain competitive. Increased production often comes with a hidden cost of the increased rate of material degradation and threatening corrosion failures.
Likewise, the ever-increasing demand for energy with particular reference to the oil and gas industry is pushing the infrastructure to its limit in an attempt to bring the maximum amount of hydrocarbons to the surface.
The hydrocarbons that come to the surface also contain a mixture of corrosive water and gases that require a whole set of corrosion mitigation and material selection strategies at each step of its processing and transportation to maintain the mechanical integrity of the infrastructure and to ensure the safety of people and the environment.
To meet the challenges of increased production, associated corrosion threats, and aging infrastructure, a thorough understanding of the underlying mechanisms of corrosion and the properties of materials is essential for practicing engineers, consultants, technologists, project planners, and facility managers, just to name a few.
Additionally, as corrosion impacts society and the environment, there is an ever-increasing need that people who are not actively involved in corrosion science and engineerings—such as lawyers, environmentalists, insurance agents, interior designers, or even hardware hobbyists—have an understanding of the basic principles of corrosion to assist them in their tasks and decision making at certain stages of their professional assignments.
The contents of this book are judiciously organized into four sections to keep a balance between theoretical concepts and practical applications.
Theoretical concepts are presented with illustrative figures, while practical applications are supported with industry examples.
The review articles presented on certain key topics related to corrosion mitigation in the oil and gas industry summarize the current state of knowledge and industry practices, which are of significant value to the corrosion professionals working either upstream, midstream, or downstream of the energy sector.
Apart from providing an empirical relationship between corrosion damage and the interacting materials of construction, the book also provides mechanistic models to help in the accurate extrapolation of corrosion damage.
The mechanistic modeling approach assists in adopting appropriate corrosion mitigation strategies as well as in the selection of appropriate technologies to proactively monitor corrosion rates and damaging mechanisms.
A significant aspect of the book is that it establishes a linkage between corrosion mitigation and a company’s asset integrity management programs.
This linkage is essential to ensure that the company’s industrial infrastructure is maintained throughout its life cycle.
It also ensures to proactively avoid loss of containment and develop operational excellence and key performance indicators to judge the effectiveness of asset management programs, which many companies strive to attain in order to maintain their competitive edge and credibility in the eyes of their stakeholders.
This book covers a wide spectrum of corrosion topics with rich illustrations, an easy to understand writing style, and the presentation of review articles, providing state-of-the-art corrosion-mitigation techniques useful for practicing engineers, technologists, and field technicians.
It also provides a basic understanding of corrosion mechanisms, which will be equally beneficial to people who are not directly involved in the corrosion field to assist them in their related tasks.
Based on its content and presentation of scientific and technical issues, this book is equally suitable for undergraduate curriculums as well as for obtaining professional certification in the field of corrosion and material selection and design.
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