This textbook presents a modern approach to the study of internal combustion engines. Internal combustion engines have been, and will remain for the foreseeable future, a vital and active area of engineering education and research. The purpose of this book is to apply the principles of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer to the analysis of internal combustion engines. This book is intended first to demonstrate to the student the application of engineering sciences, especially the thermal sciences, and second, it is a book about internal combustion engines. Considerable effort is expended making the requisite thermodynamics accessible to students.
This is because most students have little, if any, experience applying the first law to unsteady processes in open systems or in differential form to closed systems, and have experience with only the simplest of reacting gas mixtures.The text is designed for a one-semester course in internal combustion engines at the senior undergraduate level. At Colorado State University, this text is used for a single term class in internal combustion engines. The class meets for a lecture two times per week and a recitation/laboratory once a week, for a term of 15 weeks
This third edition builds upon the foundation of the second edition. The major changes are the adoption of the programming software MATLABⓇ for the examples, and chapter reorganization for a greater emphasis on combustion. The content changes include additional topics on heat and mass loss in finite heat release models, thermodynamic properties of reacting mixtures, two-zone burn models for homogeneous mixtures, exhaust blowdown modeling, diesel fuel injection, NO𝑥 concentration using finite rate chemistry, homogeneous charge compression ignition, and alternative fuels.
The homework problems have increased in number and topics covered. The approach and style of this text reflects our experiences as students at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In particular, we learned a great deal from MIT Professors John B. Heywood, Warren M. Rohsenow, Ascher Shapiro, and Jean F. Louis. Many thanks to the editorial staff at John Wiley & Sons for their work on the third edition. Mr. Paul Petralia, Mr. Clive Lawson, Ms. Sandra Grayson, and Ms. Shikha Pahuja deserve special acknowledgement for their editorial assistance with this project.
This edition also benefited from technical discussions with Professors Anthony Marchese, Daniel Olsen, and Brian Willson. Mr. Aron Dobos, a CSU ME graduate student, deserves thanks for converting many of the computer programs in the first and second editions to a Matlab form. Mr. Tyler Schott helped produce and format the solutions to the homework problems. Finally, Allan Kirkpatrick would like to thank his family: Susan, Anne, Matt, Rob, and Kristin for their unflagging support while this third edition was being written.
The main focus of this text is on the application of the engineering sciences, especially the thermal sciences, to internal combustion engines. The goals of the text are to familiarize the reader with engine nomenclature, describe how internal combustion engines work, and provide insight into how engine performance can be modeled and analyzed.
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