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The ever present energy crisis and the need for environmental controls has had a major impact on the development of the internal combustion engine. In this development a closer understanding of the thermodynamic processes occurring within the engine is necessary. Both authors have been continuously involved in industry and the universities over the past 30 years in the design, development, research and the teaching of internal combustion engines.
The present text represents the fruits of some of their labours. Much of the material is original and some has not been published heretofore. The material has been used in the authors* department in the final year's BSc courses and in the MSc course. The text has been written as a companion to one of the authors (R.S, Benson's) text in the same series entitled Advanced Engineering Thermodynamias (2nd edition).
A novel feature in the text is the presentation of FORTRAN listings of two programs for simple cycle calculations—one for a compression ignition engine cycle and the other for a spark ignition engine cycle. Methods are also outlined for more complex cycle calculations of the type which are now normally carried our in design offices. The quantitative material for combustion processes in compression ignition engines and some of the data for spark ignition engines are based on the latest research carried out in the authors' laboratories.
The text is divided into two volumes to suit the convenience of students. The first volume contains material suitable for an undergraduate course in internal combustion engines, whilst the second volume is more relevent to postgraduate courses. The book is primarily concerned with the thermodynamics of internal combustion engines but inevitably we have included hardware features.
Since the successful understanding of the processes in which the engine operates is dependent on experimental work, a section is included on experimental methods which is appended to Volume I although some of the techniques are only used in advanced research establishments. The authors wish to acknowledge with thanks the help of the numerous research students, research assistants and technical staff in producing the data used in the text.
They wish to thank the various publishers and institutions for the reproductions of figures, due acknowledgement of which is given in the appropriate place. They also wish to thank Mrs. M. McDonnell and Mrs. P. Shepherd for typing the draft and Mrs. J.A. Munro for typing the camera ready copy of the text. Finally, they wish to thank their respective wives and families for their patience and forbearance for the many evenings and weekends spent in preparing the text.
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