Electricity and Magnetism by Kirkland
Book Details :
LanguageEnglish
Pages161
FormatPDF
Size2.11 MB


Electricity and Magnetism by Kirkland



Electricity and Magnetism by Kyle Kirkland, Ph.D. | PDF Free Download.

Electricity and Magnetism Contents


ELECTRICITY

  • Lightning
  • Coulomb’s Law and Electric Fields 
  • Clingy Socks and Jumping Sparks 
  • Conductors and Insulators 
  • Making a Perfect Copy: Copier Machines 
  • Live Wires and Flowing Charges 
  • Electric Circuits 

MAGNETISM 

  • Earth’s Magnetic Field
  • Magnetic Forces and Fields
  • Seeing inside the Body: Magnetic Resonance Imaging 
  • Magnetically Levitated Trains

ELECTROMAGNETISM

  • Electromagnets
  • Electric Currents and Magnetic Fields
  • Finding a Concealed Weapon: Metal Detectors
  • Faraday’s Law 
  • Tape Recorders and Computer Disks 
  • Banking on Magnetism: Credit Cards and Debit Cards 

ELECTRICAL POWER 

  • Batteries and Direct Current 
  • Ohm’s Law
  • Power Companies and Alternating Current
  • The Importance of Being Grounded
  • Blackouts and Brownouts 
  • Future Sources of Electrical Power

MOTION FROM ELECTRICITY

  • Running on Electricity 
  • Electric Motors 
  • Electric Cars and Trains
  • Electric-powered Craft of the Future

ELECTRONICS

  • Silicon and Microchips
  • Diodes and Transistors
  • Computers
  • Tuning In—Radio Tuners 
  • Capacitance and Inductance 
  • Seeing from a Distance: Television
  • Superconductors 

RECORDING AND STORING MUSIC AND MOVIES

  • Music from a Machine
  • Spectral Analysis and the Fourier Transform
  • Records and Tapes 
  • Analog versus Digital
  • CDs and DVDs
  • Future Ways to Play Music and Movies 

ELECTRICITY, MAGNETISM, AND LIFE

  • Electric Animals 
  • Ions and Ion Channels
  • The electricity of the Muscle
  • The electricity of the Heart 
  • The electricity of the Brain 
  • Animals with Built-in Compasses

Preface to Electricity and Magnetism PDF


THE NUCLEAR BOMBS that ended World War II in 1945 was a convincing and frightening demonstration of the power of physics.

A product of some of the best scientific minds in the world, the nuclear explosions devastated the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, forcing Japan into an unconditional surrender. But even though the atomic bomb was the most dramatic example, physics and physicists made their presence felt throughout World War II.

From dam-breaking bombs that skipped along the water to submerged mines that exploded when they magnetically sensed the presence of a ship's hull, the war was as much a scientific struggle as anything else.

World War II convinced everyone, including skeptical military leaders, that physics is an essential science. Yet the reach of this subject extends far beyond military applications. The principles of physics affect every part of the world and touch on all aspects of people's lives.

Hurricanes, lightning, automobile engines, eyeglasses, skyscrapers, footballs, and even the way people walk and run must follow the dictates of scientific laws.

The relevance of physics in everyday life has often been overshadowed by topics such as nuclear weapons or the latest theories of how the universe began.

Physics in Our World is a set of volumes that aims to explore the whole spectrum of applications, describing how physics influences technology and society, as well as helping people understand the nature and behavior of the universe and all its many interacting parts.

The set covers the major branches of physics and includes the following titles:

  • Force and Motion
  • Electricity and Magnetism
  • Time and Thermodynamics
  • Light and Optics
  • Atoms and Materials
  • Particles and the Universe

Each volume explains the basic concepts of the subject and then discusses a variety of applications in which these concepts apply. Although physics is a mathematical subject, the focus of these books is on the ideas rather than mathematics.

Only simple equations are included. The reader does not need any special knowledge of mathematics, although an understanding of elementary algebra would be helpful in a few cases.

The number of possible topics for each volume is practically limitless, but there is only room for a sample; regrettably, interesting applications had to be omitted. But each volume in the set explores a wide range of material, and all volumes contain a further reading and Web sites section that lists a selection of books and Web sites for continued exploration.

This selection is also only a sample, offering suggestions for the many exploration opportunities available. I was once at a conference in which a young student asked a group of professors whether he needed the latest edition of a physics textbook. One professor replied no because the principles of physics "have not changed in years."

This is true for the most part, but it is a testament to the power of physics. Another testament to physics is the astounding number of applications relying on these principles—and these applications continue to expand and change at an exceptionally rapid pace.

Steam engines have yielded to the powerful internal combustion engines of race cars and fighter jets, and telephone wires are in the process of yielding to fiber optics, satellite communication, and cell phones.

The goal of these books is to encourage the reader to see the relevance of physics in all directions and in every endeavor, at the present time as well as in the past and in the years to come.

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