The fourth edition of Basic Electrical Installation Work has been written as a complete textbook for the City and Guilds 2330 Level 2 Certificate in Electrotechnical Technology and the City and Guilds 2356 Level 2 NVQ in Installing Electrotechnical Systems. The book meets the combined requirements of these courses, that is the core units and the electrical installation occupational units and therefore students need purchase only this one textbook for all subjects in the Level 2 examinations.
The book will also assist students taking the SCOTVEC and BTEC Electrical and Utilization units at levels I and II and many taking engineering NVQ and Modern Apprentiship courses. Although the text is based upon the City and Guilds syllabus, the book also provides a sound basic knowledge and comprehensive guide for other professionals in the construction and electrotechnical industry. Modern regulations place a greater responsibility upon the installing electrician for safety and the design of an installation. The latest regulations governing electrical installations are the 16th edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations (BS 7671: 2001).
The fourth edition of this book has been revised and updated to incorporate the requirements and amendments of the 16th edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations BS7671: 2001. The City and Guilds examinations comprise assignments and multiple-choice written papers. For this reason multiple-choice questions can be found at the end of each chapter. More traditional questions are included as an aid to private study and to encourage a thorough knowledge of the subject. I would like to acknowledge the assistance given by the following manufacturers and organizations in the preparation of this book:
Crabtree Electrical Industries Limited Wylex Ltd RS Components Ltd The Institution of Electrical Engineers The British Standards Institution The City & Guilds of London Institute I would also like to thank my colleagues and students at Blackpool and The Fylde College for their suggestions and assistance during the preparation of this book. Finally, I would like to thank Joyce, Samantha and Victoria for their support and encouragement. At the beginning of the nineteenth century children formed a large part of the working population of Great Britain. They started work early in their lives and they worked long hours for unscrupulous employers or masters.
The Health and Morals of Apprentices Act of 1802 was introduced by Robert Peel in an attempt at reducing apprentice working hours to twelve per day and improving the conditions of their employment. The Factories Act of 1833 restricted the working week for children aged 13 to 18 years to sixty-nine hours in any working week. With the introduction of the Factories Act of 1833, the first four full time Factory Inspectors were appointed. They were allowed to employ a small number of assistants and were given the responsibility of inspecting factories throughout England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales.
This small, overworked band of men, were the forerunners of the modern HSE Inspectorate, enforcing the safety laws passed by Parliament. As the years progressed, new Acts of Parliament increased the powers of the Inspectorate and the growing strength of the Trade Unions meant that employers were increasingly being pressed to improve health, safety and welfare at work. The most important recent piece of health and safety law was passed by Parliament in 1974 called the Health and Safety at Work Act.
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