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Construction Drawings and Details for Interiors Basic Skills by W. Otie Kilmer and Rosemary Kilmer | PDF Free Download.
Part I — Drawing, Equipment, and Fundamentals
Part II — Contract Documents
The design process for architectural interiors involves a series of phases, each of which may call for drawings.
At the outset, these may include programming, schematic, preliminary, and design development drawings. Such presentation drawings are created to convey program elements, spatial relationships, materials, color schemes, furnishings, and equipment, as necessary to set the design concept for an interior.
Construction drawings are then produced that follow the design intent developed through these earlier drawings.
Construction drawings, also known as working drawings, are graphic representations that communicate how to construct, remodel, or install a project.
These drawings also include related information, such as room designations, door, window, and fixture locations; dimensions; materials; and other details.
Construction drawings involve considerable time and attention to detail. In many professional design firms, over 50 percent of a project fee (payment from the client to the designer) might be allocated to preparing construction drawings and the related specifications.
This attests to the importance of construction drawings in the overall process of designing and constructing environments. Interior designers are taking an increasing role in coordinating interior projects and for producing construction drawings.
Interior design and construction requires some unique types of drawing not commonly addressed in textbooks or curricula.
It is to speak to this need that this book was created—as a handbook on preparing construction drawings solely for the field of interior design.
The book has been designed for two groups of users: students in interior design schools and interns in the offices that design interiors; and professional interior designers and architecturs who need a basic, yet comprehensive set of standards and techniques.
For students or interns, these pages are best used with an instructor or mentor who can present the published materials, but augment them with supplemental information and other exercises.
Computer-aided drawing (CAD) and computer-aided drawing and drafting (CADD) are tools that have become integral to interior design.
This book thus provides a general introduction to using the computer. It briefly discusses electronically storing and retrieving documents for current and future projects.
Many elements of a current project can be copied and easily modified for future application in other projects. In this manner, designers can build a design database.
Today, images, drawings and other information are sent electronically to clients, consultants, suppliers, builders, and other professionals.
This is a far leap ahead of such past methods as copying and mailing or sending telephonic facsimile. Working electronically has changed many of the ways designers communicate their work, and is continually evolving.
However, this is not a textbook on how to draft with the computer, or on the use of specific drafting software.
Computer hardware and software are constantly being upgraded and improved. For this reason, this book focuses on how to incorporate a generic CAD approach into the construction drawing process.
Examples are presented throughout the book of both electronic and handdrawn creations. Although many designers use CAD heavily in their work, a significant number do not fully use it for all aspects of the drawing process, or at all.
Well-executed hand drawings can still be effective design exploration and communication tools, and sometimes they are even works of art.
This book is organized in two parts. Part 1 (Chapters 1 through 4) first discusses graphic language as a communication tool in design and architecture.
Chapters 2 and 3 present equipment needs and basic drafting principles for the beginning student. Chapter 4 presents the drawing classification systems and how they are used for idea generation and communication.
Part 2 (Chapters 5 throuth 16) detail the construction document process. Overall concepts and organization are discussed, as are specific examples.
Chapter 16 discusses the use of computers and the various systems for reproducing construction drawings. Examples used in the book include both residential and commercial interiors.
However, more emphasis is placed on commercial projects, as these installations usually require more in-depth detailing, coordination, and often multiple drawings/sheets due to the larger spaces and number of building trades required.
The illustrations represent high standards and can serve as guides for design: linework, lettering, notation, and dimensioning that students can aspire to in their own work.
In addition to the authors’ drawings, examples are included from practicing professionals. Drawings and details of interiors are included from a variety of geographical areas — as design ideas, material, environmental factors, and accepted standards vary throughout the world.
Projects are also shown in relation to their compliance with the American Disabilities Act and other code requirements.
Dimensions are often indicated in feet and inches, with metric equivalents for Canadian and international applications.
A glossary and appendices are included listing commonly used terms, graphic standards, and other information related to the preparation of construction drawings for interiors.
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