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Construction Drawings and Details for Interiors: Basic Skills 2nd Edition by W. Otie Kilmer and Rosemary Kilmer | PDF Free Download.
The second edition of this book builds upon the foundations of the first edition and expands on current practices and information not included in that edition.
The authors wish to thank the many students, teachers, and professionals who used the first edition and gave us valuable input as to what needed to be expanded, revised, or added.
The design process for architectural interiors involves a series of phases, each of which may call for drawings. At the outset, these may include programming, schematics, preliminary, and design development drawings.
Such presentation drawings are created to convey elements, spatial relationships, materials, color schemes, furniture, furnishings, and equipment, as necessary to set the design concept for an interior.
Construction drawings are produced that follow the design intent developed through these earlier drawings. Construction drawings, also known as working drawings, are graphic representations that communicate how to construct, remodel, or install a project.
These drawings also include related information, such as room designations; door, window, and fixture locations; dimensions; materials; and other details.
Construction drawings involve considerable time and attention to detail. In many professional design firms, over 50 percent of a project fee (payment from the client to the designer) might be allocated to preparing construction drawings and the related specifications.
This attests to the importance of construction drawings in the overall process of designing and construction environments.
Interior designers are playing a larger role in coordinating interior projects and producing construction drawings.
Interior design and construction requires some unique types of drawings not commonly found in textbooks or curricula. It is to speak to this need that this book was created—as a handbook to preparing construction drawings solely for the field of interior design.
This book has been designed for two groups of users: students in interior design schools and interns in the offices that design interiors; and professional interior designers and architects who need a basic, yet comprehensive set of standards and techniques.
For students or interns, these pages are best used with an instructor or mentor who can present the published materials but augment them with supplemental information and other exercises.
Computer-aided drawing (CAD) programs are tools that have become integral to interior design. This book thus provides a general introduction to using the computer.
It briefly discusses electronically storing and retrieving the documents for current and future projects. Many elements of a current project can be copied and easily modified for future application in other projects. In this manner, designers can build a design database.
Today, images, drawings, and other information are sent electronically to clients, consultants, suppliers, builders, and other professionals. This is a leap ahead of such past methods as copying and mailing or sending the telephonic facsimile.
Working electronically has changed many of the ways designers communicate their work and is continually evolving.
However, this is not a textbook on how to draft with the computer, or on the use of specific drafting software.
Computer hardware and software are constantly being upgraded and improved. For this reason, this book focuses on how to incorporate a generic CAD approach to the drawing process. Examples are presented throughout the book of both electronic and hand-drawn creations.
Although many designers use CAD heavily in their work, a significant number do not fully use it for all aspects of the drawing process.
Well-executed hand drawings can still be effective design exploration and communication tools, and sometimes they are even works of art. This book is organized into two parts. Part 1 (Chapters 1 through 4) first discusses graphic language as a communication tool in design and architecture.
Chapter 1 (Drawing as Communication) has been expanded to include information on universal design, sustainable design, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), and Building Information Modeling (BIM).
Chapters 2 and 3 present basic drafting and equipment needs for the beginning student. Chapter 4 presents the drawing classification systems and how they are used for idea generation and communication. Part 2 (Chapters 5 through 17) detail the construction document process.
Overall concepts and organization are discussed, as are specific examples. A new Chapter 6 has been added to include field measuring existing buildings and interiors, as-built drawings, and preparing demolition plans.
Chapter 7 has been expanded to include modular information, wall, and partition types, and construction. A new Chapter 8 has been added to include fire and life-safety plans.
This chapter also discusses preparing drawings for specific building code compliance and review by the various authorities who have jurisdiction over new buildings and remodeling of existing ones.
Chapter 10 of the first edition has been made into a new chapter specifically on doors and windows. Door types, frames, and hardware have been expanded upon in this edition. Room finish schedules and more detailed finish plans have been incorporated into a new Chapter 13.
Chapter 16 has been expanded to include ceiling systems, sustainability, LEED, daylighting, and energy conservation.
Most checklists at the end of each chapter have been expanded in scope and referenced to building code and ADA requirements.
Many new illustrations have been added and older drawings have been replaced with new ones to more clearly show the specifics discussed in the writings. Chapter 18 discusses the use of computers and various systems for reproducing construction drawings.
Examples used in the book include both residential and commercial interiors. However, more emphasis is placed on commercial projects, as these installations usually require more in-depth detailing, coordination, and often multiple drawings/sheets due to the larger spaces and number of building trades required.
The illustrations represent high standards and can serve as guides for design: line work, lettering, notation, and dimensioning that students can aspire to in their own work. In addition to the authors’ drawings, examples are included from practicing professionals.
Drawings and details of interiors are included from a variety of geographical areas—as design ideas, material, environmental factors, and accepted standards vary throughout the world.
Projects are also shown in relation to their compliances with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and other code requirements.
Dimensions shown are often indicated in feet and inches, with metric equivalents for Canadian and international applications.
Appendices and a glossary are included listing commonly used terms, graphic standards, and other information related to the preparation of construction drawings for interiors.
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