Strengthening Design of Reinforced Concrete with FRP by Hayder A. Rasheed
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Strengthening Design of Reinforced Concrete with FRP by Hayder A. Rasheed


Half a century after their commercial introduction, composite materials are of widespread use in many industries. Applications such as aerospace, windmill blades, highway bridge retrofit, and many more require designs that assure safe and reliable operation for 20 years or more.

Using composite materials, virtually any property, such as stiffness, strength, thermal conductivity, and fire resistance, can be tailored to the user’s needs by selecting the constituent materials, their proportion and geometrical arrangement, and so on. In other words, the engineer is able to design the material concurrently with the structure.

Also, modes of failure are much more complex in composites than in classical materials. Such demands for performance, safety, and reliability require that engineers consider a variety of phenomena during the design. Therefore, the aim of the Composite Materials:

Design and Analysis book series is to bring to the design engineer a collection of works written by experts on every aspect of composite materials that is relevant to their design. The variety and sophistication of material systems and processing techniques have grown exponentially in response to an ever-increasing number and type of applications.

Given the variety of composite materials available as well as their continuous change and improvement, understanding of composite materials is by no means complete. Therefore, this book series serves not only the practicing engineer, but also the researcher and student who are looking to advance the state of the art in understanding material and structural response and developing new engineering tools for modeling and predicting such responses.

Thus, the series is focused on bringing to the public existing and developing knowledge about the material–property relationships, processing–property relationships, and structural response of composite materials and structures. The series scope includes analytical, experimental, and numerical methods that have a clear impact on the design of composite structures.

The idea of writing this book emerged from a lack of detailed textbook treatments on strengthening design of reinforced concrete members with fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) despite the large volume of research literature and practical applications that have been contributed since 1987.

Even though two attempts to use glass-fiberreinforced polymer (GFRP) to strengthen concrete members were made in Europe and the United States in the 1950s and 1960s, the technique wasn’t successfully applied until 1987, when Ur Meier first strengthened concrete beams with carbonfiber-reinforced-polymer (CFRP) laminates.

Knowledge in the area of FRP strengthening has matured, culminating with the introduction of specific design guidelines in Canada (ISIS Canada 2001), Europe (FIB Task Group 9.3 2001), and the United States (ACI 440.2R-02), the latter of which was significantly improved after six years in 2008 (ACI 440.2R08).

Today’s structural engineer is entitled to a detailed textbook that establishes the art and science of strengthening design of reinforced concrete with FRP beyond the abstract nature of design guidelines. ACI 440.2R-08 provides better guidance than what is typically provided in codes of practice through its “design example” sections.

Nevertheless, a textbook that treats the subject of FRP strengthening design with more depth is really needed to introduce it to the civil engineering curriculum. This textbook has evolved from thorough class notes established to teach a graduate course on “strengthening design of reinforced concrete members with FRP” in spring of 2012 at Kansas State University.

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