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Handbook of Chemical Engineering Calculations 4th Edition by Tyler G. Hicks, P.E. and Nicholas P. Chopey | PDF Free Download.
TYLER G. HICKS, P.E., is a consulting engineer and a successful engineering book author. He has worked in plant design and operation in a variety of industries, taught at several engineering schools, and lectured both in the United States and abroad.
Mr. Hicks is the author of more than 20 books, including Civil Engineering Formulas, Second Edition, and Handbook of Mechanical Engineering Calculations, Second Edition.
NICHOLAS P. CHOPEY was Editor-in-Chief chemical Engineering magazine, with more than 45 years’ experience in engineering and publishing.
This handbook presents some 1000 calculation procedures for the field of chemical engineering. Today, in technical literature, the chemical engineering field is often referred to as the CPI— Chemical Process Industries.
These industries comprise the practical application of chemical engineering to the production of millions of different products important in the lives of consumers and industries worldwide.
This fourth edition of the handbook includes numerous new applied calculation procedures important in the CPI.
Each section of the handbook contains appropriate new applied hands-on type calculation procedures.
Since the CPI is facing new challenges from environmentalists, special attention is paid to the “green” aspects of the CPI.
Numerous calculations have been added covering energy conservation, air and water pollution reduction, clean energy design procedures, alternative sources of energy, and design calculations for reducing energy consumption in the CPI.
New calculation procedures presented in this edition include:
Section 1: Analysis of a saturated solution; ternary liquid system analysis; determining the heat of mixing of chemicals; chemical equation material balance; batch physical process balance.
Section 2: Steady-state continuous physical balance with recycling and bypass; steady-state physical process balance.
Section 3: Liquid-liquid separation analysis; determining the characteristics of an immiscible solution.
Section 4: Equilibrium constant and conversion achieved in chemical reactions; determining the heat of solution for chemical compounds; determining the heat of reaction of chemical compounds.
Section 5: Thermodynamic analysis of a Linde system; sizing reactor desuperheater condensers economically; design of a complete-mix activated sludge reactor.
Section 6: Pump selection for chemical plants; determining the friction factor for the flow of Bingham plastics.
Section 7: Heat-exchanger choice for specific chemical-plant applications; sizing shell-and-tube heat exchangers for chemical plants; temperature determination in heat-exchanger operation; selecting and sizing heat exchangers based on fouling factors; chemical-plant electric process heater selection and application.
Section 8: Sizing rupture disks for gases and liquids.
Section 9: Determining the number of stages for a countercurrent extractor.
Section 10: Heat removal required in crystallization.
Section 11: Preliminary process design of an absorber; absorption tower flow and absorption rate. Section 12: Temperature analysis of heated agitated vessel.
Section 13: Crusher power input determination; cooling-water flow rate for chemical-plant mixers; making a preliminary choice of size-reduction machinery.
Section: 14: Sizing of a traveling-bridge filter; sizing a polymer dilution/feed system; design of a plastic media trickling filter.
Section 15: Estimating size and cost of venturi scrubbers; sizing vertical liquid-vapor separators; sizing a horizontal liquid-vapor separator; effective stack height for disposing of plant gases and vapors.
Section 16: Design of anaerobic digester; design of a rapid-mix basin and flocculation basin; design of an anaerobic digester; design of a chlorination system for wastewater disinfection.
Section 17: Fractionating column and condenser analysis for biotechnology.
Section 18: Cost estimation of chemical-plant heat exchangers and storage tanks via correlations; estimating chemical plant centrifugal-pump and electric-motor cost by using correlations.
Section 19: Flash-steam heat recovery for cogeneration in chemical processing plants; energy conservation and cost reduction design for flash-steam usages in chemical processing plants;
heat recovery energy and fuel savings in chemical processing plants; capital cost of cogeneration heat-recovery boilers in chemical processing plants; explosive-vent sizing for chemical processing plants;
ventilation design for chemical processing plant environmental safety; environmental and safety-regulation ranking of equipment criticality in chemical processing plants; energy process-control system selection for chemical processing;
process-energy temperature control system selection; energy process control valve selection; steam-control and pressure-reducing valve sizing for maximum energy savings in chemical processing plants; atmospheric control system investment analysis for chemical plants;
environmental pollution project selection for chemical plants; saving energy loss from storage tanks and vessels; energy savings from vapor recompression; savings possible from using low-grade waste heat for refrigeration; energy design analysis for shell-and-tube heat exchangers for chemical plants.
The additional calculation procedures, along with the modernization of many of the existing procedures, thoroughly updates this handbook to today’s standards in the CPI.
With an increasing focus on environmental and energy savings, the engineering user of this handbook will be well prepared to meet today’s calculation challenges. And with the CPI getting into almost every aspect of consumer and industrial life, good calculation ability is more important than ever before.
Thus, we see the CPI working on the underground conversion of brown coal to refinery feedstock. (One ton of coal produces one barrel of oil feedstock.)
We also see the CPI producing an extractor that reduces waste-treatment sludge volume by up to 50 percent, saving space and cost.
Other CPI cutting-edge technologies that are being developed, as reported in Chemical Engineering magazine, include:
As technical advances rush ahead, “green chemical engineering” has come on the scene. In the area of green chemical engineering, there are many opportunities for chemical engineers to produce excellent results. The areas for these significant results in the CPI include:
Today there is great demand for green (clean) chemical engineering from a host of areas starting with powerful regulating agencies and moving on to
One unexpected benefit of green design and operation is that CPI plant profit and efficiency often rise as green activities are introduced and implemented.
Relations with the local community often improve as well. And the green aspects of individual chemical companies often result in an improved image for the firm and sales for the brand to both consumer and industrial customers.
So the benefits of green chemical engineering are many and widespread. Since the CPI is responsible for emissions of many kinds-waste formations, greenhouse-gas release, large energy consumption with attendant major fuel usage, plus other “nongreen” or “nonclean” operations—the move toward environmentally acceptable manufacturing and procedures is rapidly accelerating throughout the CPI.
Today’s CPI research, design, and operations must proceed with one eye on green considerations and the other on chemical engineering excellence.
The current editor of this edition of this unique handbook worked with its original editor, Nicholas Chopey, on each edition, starting with the first.
Nick was a superb chemical engineer with the highest standards for the profession. It is the hope of the current editor that this edition hews to Nick’s high standards and that he would be proud of the many new calculations and the updating of the earlier procedures.
While every effort has been made to produce a fully accurate handbook, errors can occur. If a reader finds an error, he or she can contact the editor in the care of the publisher and an immediate correction will be made.
Further, if any reader believes that one or more important calculations have been omitted from the handbook, the editor would appreciate having this called to his attention. The calculation will be added to the next edition of the handbook if it deserves inclusion.
The editor would like to thank his wife, Mary Shanley Hicks, a publishing professional, for her help in preparing the large manuscript needed to complete this revision.
Further, the editor thanks his sponsoring editor, Larry Hager, Senior Editor, Technical Group, for his guidance and help in revising this important handbook.
Without Larry’s instructions, the job would have taken much longer and would not have been as thorough or complete.
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