Since the second edition of this book the field of industrial catalysis has made significant progress. New techniques in catalyst development have become relevant and many new processes were introduced in industry. The focus of this textbook is still to cover the fundamentals of homogeneous, heterogeneous catalysis, and biocatalysis, and to describe the industrial practice of catalysis and some special topics of applied catalysis. The third edition has been extensively revised and updated.
From the wealth of catalytical processes, a selection had to be made. Knowledge of some key processes is essential for the understanding of catalysis. While it was formerly assumed that the catalyst remained unchanged in the course of the reaction, it is now known that the catalyst is involved in chemical bonding with the reactants during the catalytic process. Thus, catalysis is a cyclic process: the reactants are bound to one form of the catalyst, and the products are released from another, regenerating the initial state.
Entirely new are the chapters and sections. refinery processes and petrochemistry; catalytic processes with renewable materials; polymerization catalysis; catalyst shapes and production of heterogeneous catalysts; recycling of homogeneous catalysts; regeneration and recycling of heterogeneous catalysts; new reactor concepts. In some other sections, additional examples of catalytical processes are addressed, for instance, alkene metathesis, telomerization of butadiene, adipodinitrile, maleic anhydride and phthalic anhydride, propylene oxide, pharmaceuticals, and fine chemicals.
Many new exercises including solutions were added, they should help users develop a better understanding of the material. The book is largely the result of courses for chemical engineers I have given at the Mannheim University of Applied Sciences, some universities abroad, and several vocational training seminars for chemists and engineers in industry.
I hope that this edition will still be useful to students and to engineers, chemists, and professionals who work in the chemical industry and related industries. The book is particularly well suited for the self-study of people who have a basic knowledge of chemistry and chemical reaction engineering. My great appreciation is given to the following companies and institutions, which provided new pictures for this edition: BASF SE, Ludwigshafen; Johnson Matthey Plc, London, UK; Sasol Ltd., South Africa; Fonds der Chemischen Industrie, Frankfurt am Main; Chemieanlagenbau Chemnitz GmbH, Evonik Services GmbH, Hanau-Wolfgang;
Fraunhofer ICT-IMM, Mainz. I would like to thank the production team at Wiley-VCH, particularly Dr. Elke Maase and the editors Dr. Claudia Ley and Stefanie Volk for their kind assistance and support. Furthermore, I am grateful for the many helpful comments by the coworkers of SPi Global during typesetting. Finally, I thank my wife Julia again for her pacience and understanding during realization of this project. I hope that the reader will see that catalysis is one of the most exciting areas in chemistry.
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