|Book Details :|
Bioclimatic Housing Innovative Designs For Warm Climates Edited by Richard Hyde | PDF Free Download.
This is an extremely timely book as we grapple with the growing challenge of staying cool in our buildings in a rapidly warming world.
Alarm bells are now ringing as the pace of climate change escalates and temperatures create records on a daily basis around the world. 2005 was the hottest year in Australia since records began in 1910.
Record temperatures swept across parts of South Asia, Southern Europe, North Africa and the south-western US, and long-term droughts are devastating the Horn of Africa, north-western US and many parts of Australia.
In 2005, these droughts also led to severe food shortages in a number of regions around the world. Reports of such devastation seldom touch us deeply as designers. What does make an impact is when these facts are translated into design criteria for our buildings.
When we hear of extreme temperatures experienced in cities around the world – 55°C recorded in Kuwait city in 2005; 54°C in Karachi and Basra; 52°C in Islamabad – we start to think about how we would keep people cool indoors in such climates.
In the much cooler climates of Europe, in two weeks during July 2003, temperatures soared to over a mere 40°C and over 35,000 people died there of heat-related causes.
These were largely the vulnerable elderly, in traditional buildings that were no longer able to provide adequate cooling for their occupants.
Mankind can adapt to an extraordinary range of temperatures as a species if we are given the time to do so; but the speed of these rises in temperature is the real killing factor. Global warming is now known to be speeding up.
In 2005, global temperatures were 0.75°C above the 1950 to 1980 average, and some sources are now predicting that by 2026 this may increase to 2°C hotter than this average. The only way in which we can cope with this level of climate change is to adapt rapidly to living in a warmer world, and fundamental to this adaptation in the built environment is the adoption of more effective, and widely used, methods for passively cooling buildings.
Air-conditioning systems are increasingly seen as a part of the climate change problem, as well as its solution, as the yawning gap grows between the amount of fossil fuels used in the world and the falling amounts of fossil fuels that are available to run these machines.
Not only is the rising cost of energy a problem, perhaps least to those who could not afford air conditioning anyway, but the fact that the energy used to run these systems is a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions.
We now have no option but to adapt the actual fabric of our buildings to withstand higher temperatures – hence, the importance of this book for all involved in the built environment.
This book sets out the design challenges we face and a range of effective solutions to those challenges, and it provides excellent case studies to show how the cooling strategies proposed have been successfully applied in different climates.
The chapters are clearly set out and relate the design process to a broader 'sustainability' agenda.
This International Energy Agency (IEA)-inspired publication is a valuable sourcebook for all designers as we try to build a new 'cool vernacular' for the 21st century in which we can all stay cool, comfortable and alive in the buildings in which we spend so much of our lives, in these rapidly changing times.
Focusing on countries in which houses require cooling for a significant part of the year, this book covers creative, vernacular architecture backed up by practical and applied good science.
Having set out new definitions of bioclimatic housing, the book interweaves the themes of social progress, technological fixes and industry transformation within a discussion of global and country trends, climate types, solution sets and relevant low-resource utilization technologies.
With concepts, principles and case studies from Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Brazil, Australia, Japan, Sri Lanka and Italy, this is a truly international and authoritative work, prepared under the auspices of a fiveyear International Energy Agency (IEA) SHC Task 28/BCS Annex 38 project.
Bioclimatic Housing provides a primer for building designers, builders, developers and advanced students in architecture, environmental management and engineering, mapping out the factors that are at work in reshaping housing for a more sustainable future.
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